Lesson-11

Free Online English Classes. Lesson 11 – Дарси 11

Кор бо мавзӯъҳои грамматикӣ

Машқи 1. Ҷумлаҳои зеринро хонед ва тарҷума кунед:

  1. (When, while) working on my report, I read a number of interesting articles.
  2. Not knowing his address, we could not write him
  3. Being in London, I could not help them.

Машқи 2. Зарбулмасал ва мақолҳои зеринро тарҷума кунед:

  1. Money saved is money gained.
  2. A trouble shared is a trouble halved.
  3. Entering or leaving a room with ladies, don’t rush before them. Remember the golden rule of every gentleman: “Ladies first”.
  4. Among the things most often opened by mistake is the mouth.

Машқи 3. Ба шакли сифати феълӣ нигоҳ карда, сипас тарҷума кунед:

А:

  1. Feeling tired, I went to bed early.
  2. I cut myself shaving.
  3. Having finished our work, we went home.
  4. After finishing our work, we went home.
  5. Being unemployed, he hasn’t got much money.
  6. Not having a car, she finds it difficult to get around.
  7. Having already seen the film twice, I didn’t want to go to the cinema

B:

  1. Only one working copy can be made.
  2. The program being executed is written in assembly language.
  3. The program written in assembly language is called an assembler.
  4. Having executed the instruction, the program failed.
  5. Having been executed the programs were considered to be perfect ones.
  6. Working at home, it is reasonable to use a portable computer.
  7. Having made the necessary changes, they got down to business.
  8. When testing the new model, the group used the most modern methods of control.
  9. When tested, the model broke down.

C:

  1. Buying a computer, you should be very careful.
  2. Data compressed by this technique won’t be recovered.
  3. Data being compressed is of great importance to us.
  4. When compiling the program, I got some errors.
  5. When archiving, ARJ doesn’t sort filenames.
  6. When performed, the program abend occured.
  7. Having written this program, we solved our problem at last.

Машқи 4. Аз ду ҷумла, як ҷумла созед:
Намуна: I got home. I was feeling very tired.

Feeling very tired I got home.
1) The man slipped. He was getting off the bus.
2) We bought our tickets. Then we went into the theatre.
3) They had dinner. Then they continued their journey.
4) She is a foreigner. So she needs a visa to stay in this country.
5) The man wasn’t able to understand English. So he didn’t know what I said.

Машқи 5. Тарҷума кунед:

  1. They watched him changing the program.
  2. A man always wants a computer being not vulnerable.
  3. I have just had the newest version installed.

Машқи 6. Тарҷума кунед:

  1. Personal computers being widely used, their characteristics are improved.
  2. The computers of the 1940’s being not reliable, scientists started improving them.
  3. England being a constitutional monarchy, the Queen of England is only the formal ruler.

Машқи 7. Ҷумлаҳои зеринро тарҷума кунед:
They started arguing.
Не stopped working.
He gave up smoking.
He went on eating.
He continued eating.
It kept on raining.
We finished working at noon.
I put off writing a letter.
I can’t help feeling sorry about it.
I am against doing like that.
I am for doing like that.
It is worth doing like that.

Машқи 8. Аз рӯи намуна ҷумлаҳоро пур кунед:
Model: advise you to read the book. The book is worth reading.

  1. Go and see the film. The film_____
  2. That’s a good song._______
  3. Don’t quote this man. He is not worth_____
  4. Remember his words. What he says is worth____

Машқи 9. Мувофиқи намуна савол гузоред:
Model: Its useless to argue with him. What’s the use of arguing with him ?

  1. It’s no use accusing him.________
  2. It’s useless to object to it._______
  3. It’s no use talking, let’s get down to work._____ ;

Машқи 10. Ба забони англисӣ тарҷума кунед:

  1. Ин песаро бояд тамошо кард.
  2. Дар бораи ин воқеаҳо бояд ёдовар шуд.
  3. Аз таваккал (риск) чи манфиат аст?
  4. Аз беҳуда хобидан бароям чӣ манфиат аст?
  5. Аз баҳсу мунозира чӣ нафъ аст?
  6. Ӯ зидди он аст, ки менеҷеронро даъват накунанд.
  7. Ӯ зидди ин аст, ки Шумо иқтисодчиёнро таклиф накунед.
  8. Ӯ мухолифи он аст, ки менеҷерро таклиф накунанд.
  9. Аз сӯҳбат бо чунин мардум худдорӣ кунед.
  10. Онҳо орзу мекунанд, ки ширкати моро зиёрат кунанд.

Машқи 11. Ҷумлаҳои зеринро ба англисӣ тарҷума кунед:

  1. Ӯро гоҳ-гоҳ ситоиш мекунанд.
  2. Ӯро ҳатман таъриф мекунанд (will, praise).
  3. Ҳоло ӯро мукофот медиҳанд (praise)
  4. То он даме, ки ӯ асари асосиашро нависад, аллакай ӯро ду маротиба мукофот доданд,
  5. Ӯро ҳатман то соли нав ҷоиза медиҳанд (praise).
  6. Ин китобҳо паҳн мешаванд?
  7. Мактубро пагоҳ мефиристанд.
  8. Ӯро аз сабаби суръати баланд ҷарима ситониданд (speeding).
  9. Дарро махкам карданд.

Машқи 12. Ба англисӣ тарҷума кунед:

  1. Мегӯянд, ки ӯ барноманависи хуб аст.
  2. Маълум аст, ки ӯ сардори хуб будааст.
  3. Интизор буданд, ки масъалаи зерин ҳал мешавад.
  4. Хабар медиҳанд, ки системаи нави оператсионӣ коркард шудааст.

Ҳолати мафъул метавонад бо феълҳои модалӣ низ якҷоя ояд:

  • You might be sent to America by your company in August – Шуморо бояд аз ширкататон ба Амрико гусел мекарданд.
  • This problem can be solved – Ин масъаларо метавон ҳал кард.
  • This task should be fulfilled by the end of the week – Ин супориш бояд то охири ҳафта ҳалли худро ёбад.

Машқи 13. Ба зери калима ва ибораҳои ифодаги «тарзи мафъул» хат кашед ва ба ба ҷумлаҳо савол гузоред:
1)  The program is changed.
2)  The program is being changed.
3)  The program has been changed.
4)  Modern computers are widely used nowadays by small and big firms.
5)  The young engineer has been offered a new job by the company.
6)  The lab is being equipped with new devices.
7)  We were shown some new models.
8)  The data are referred to in the press.
9)  Perspectives of computerization are being much spoken about.
10) New types of devices are being made use of in the lab.
11) The test was followed by the experiments.
12) The results have been affected by the changed conditions.
13) The necessary results are approached but not got.
14) All the letters will be answered.

Машқи 14. Ҷумлаҳоро ба тоҷикӣ тарҷума кунед ва ҷумлаҳои тарзи мафъул надоштаро ҷудо кунед:

  1. For a digital computer, information has to be in the form of digits or numbers.
  2. Any information may be represented by the binary system.
  3. Bits are grouped in units; these units are called bytes.
  4. Which of the operations is to be performed next?
  5. May switch symbols be mixed?
  6. By whom are language modifications being offered?
  7. The sequence of operations is being performed by the microcomputer.
  8. Many graphics programs are controlled by a mouse or some other device.
  9. Often only the new models are given detailed description.
  10. The instruction is to be extended.
  11. The switches and other filenames could have been in any order.
  12. When the information has been stored in the computer’s memory, it can be calculated, compared and copied.

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