my-school

MY SCHOOL – МАКТАБИ МАН

MY SCHOOL

As you become older you realize that there are several essential things and places you always long to come back to. They are your birthplace, your home and the school you went to. My school was a three-storeyed building situated in one of the residential districts of our city (town, settlement). All the children from the neighbourhood went there because it was a walking distance from their homes.
There was a sports ground behind the school-building and a green lawn with flower-beds in front of it. The school was built a few years ago. That’s why its classrooms were light and spacious.
There were three large windows in each classroom with flower pots on the windowsills. It was pupils‘ (especially girls’) responsibility to water the flowers. And they did it with utmost care. There were maps and portraits, tables and charts on the walls of the classrooms. Our classroom was on the second floor. Its windows faced the school-yard. Our form was the only one at school who had a form-master, but not a form-mistress. He appeared to be a very kind and knowledgeable teacher who spared no time to take us to different places of interest and exhibitions. He taught us Russian and Russian literature. We respected him very much.
Our lessons began at eight o’clock in the morning and lasted till one thirty in the afternoon. We had six lessons a day.
Every pupil had a day-book where the teachers wrote down the mark each pupil had earned for his answers. The teacher also wrote down the mark in the class register. When the teacher asked a question, the pupils who could answer it raised their hands, and the teacher called out one of them to answer the question.
The pupils were often called to the blackboard to do some exercises or to write some sentences. When they made mistakes, other pupils .were called out to correct those mistakes or the teacher corrected them herself.
After every lesson the teachers gave us some home assignments both written and oral. At the next lesson the teachers checked them up.
The teachers often took our exercise-books home to check them up. If there were any mistakes they corrected them and gave us marks. At the end of each quarter we got our report cards which our parents signed. At the end of the study year we were promoted, to the next form.

  1. What do you realize as you become older?
  2. At which school did you study?
  3. Where was your school situated?
  4. Why did all the children from the neighborhood go to your school?
  5. What was there behind the school-building and in front of it?
  6. When was the school built?
  7. Were the classrooms light and spacious?
  8. What was there on the walls of the classrooms?
  9. On which floor was your classroom situated?
  10. What kind of a man was your form-master?
  11. What subject did he teach?
  12. When did your lessons begin?
  13. How many lessons had you a day?
  14. What did the teachers write down in the day-books of every pupil?
  15. What for were the pupils often called to the blackboard?
  16. What happened if the pupils made mistakes?
  17. What did the teachers give you after every lesson?
  18. What for did the teachers often take your exercise-books home?
  19. What did you get at the end of each quarter?
  20. Where were you promoted at the end of the study year?

to long to do – аз таҳти дил хостан, бо эҳтирос чизеро талаб кардан
birthplace – зодгоҳ
residential districts – маҳаллаи истиқоматӣ
to be a walking distance from – метавон пиёда рафт
a flower-bed – гулзор
spacious – васеъ, кушод, паҳновар, фарох, фаҳӯл
a window-sill – зертахтаи тиреза, канораи тиреза, тоқчаи пеши тиреза
to earn a mark for the answer – баҳо гирифтан, ба ивази ҷавоб баҳо гирифтан
to call to the blackboard – назди тахтаи синф ҷеғ задан
written and oral assignments – вазифаҳои хаттӣ ва шифоҳӣ
to be promoted to the next form – ба синфи дигар гузаштан, як синф боло шудан

МАКТАБИ МАН

Вақте ки инсон ба воя мерасад, дарк мекунад, ки дар олам баъзе ашёву ҷойҳое ба назар мерасад, то ки ба он баргардад. Масалан, ватан, хонаи истиқоматӣ ё мактабе, ки инсон дар он ҷо таҳсил намудааст. Мактаби ман сеошёна буда, дар маҳаллаи истиқоматии шаҳр ҷойгир аст. Дар мактаби мазкур тамоми кӯдакони маҳаллаву ҳамсоя-маҳалла таҳсил намудаанд, зеро ҳар нафар метавонад пиёда равад.
Дар қафои мактаб майдончаи варзишӣ ҷойгир аст. Майдони рӯ ба рӯи мактаб алафу гулзор аст. Мактабро якчанд сол қабл сохтаанд, бинобар ин синфхонаҳо равшан ва васеъ аст.
Дар ҳар синфхона 3 тиреза ва дар тоҷчаи он гулҳои кӯзагӣ гузошта шудааст. Толибилмон (хусусан толибагон) гулҳоро нигоҳубин мекарданд ва онро бо муҳаббати хоса иҷро мекарданд. Дар девори синфхона харита, расму ҷадвал ва лоиҳаҳо овехта шудааст. Синфхонаи мо дар ошёнаи дувум ҷойгир буд ва аз тиреза ҳавлии мактабро мушоҳида кардан мумкин буд. Мо мураббии хубе доштем, аммо на мураббияи хуб. Ӯ мураббии хуб ва донишманд буд ва барои толибилмонро ба ҷойҳои ҷолиби диққат ва намоишгоҳҳо бурдан, вақти хешро дареғ намедошт. Ӯ ба мо забони русӣ ва адабиёти русро таълим медод. Мо ӯро эҳтиром мекардем.
Дарсҳо пагоҳи соати 8-00 оғоз мешуд ва то нимаи дувуми рӯз идома дошт. Мо ҳар рӯз 6 соат дарс доштем.
Ҳамаи толибилмон рӯзнома доштанд ва устодон мувофиқи ҷавобҳо баҳо мегузоштанд. Илова бар ин, омӯзгорон дар журнали синф баҳо мегузоштанд.
Ҳини суол гузоштани омӯзгор, толибилмоне, ки посухашро медонистанд, дастро боло мекарданд ва омӯзгор барои ба суоли худ посух гирифтан, яке аз толибилмонро интихоб мекард.
Зуд-зуд толибилмон барои иҷрои машқ ё навиштани машқ назди тахтаи синф даъват мекарданд. Ҳангоми саҳв намудан, омӯзгор дигар толибилмро барои тасҳеҳ даъват мекард ё худ ислоҳ мекард.
Дар интиҳои дарс вазифаи хонагӣ ба шакли китобат ё шифоҳӣ супорида мешуд. Дар дарси минбаъда толибилмонро мепурсиданд.
Омӯзгорон зуд-зуд дафтари толибилмонро барои тафтиш ҷамъ карда, ба хона мегирифтанд. Ҳангоми дарёфти хато, ислоҳ мекарданд ва баҳо мегузоштанд. Дар анҷоми ҳар чоряк дафтари ҳозиру ғоибе, ки подару модарамон имзо гузоштаанд, қабул мекардем. Дар охири соли хониш, моро ба як синф боло мегузоштанд.

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