Практическая грамматика современного английского языка. Хведченя

Практическая грамматика современного английского языка. Хведченя

Практическая грамматика современного английского языка. Хведченя Л.В.

Книга представляет собой систематизированный курс грамматики (морфология и элементы синтаксиса), включающий в себя теоретический справочник, а также обширную практическую часть, ориентированную на развитие речевых навыков и умений. Коммуникативная направленность пособия определяет его специфику и отличие от традиционно используемых отечественных источников.

Данное пособие рассчитано на широкий круг пользователей, интересованных в углубленном изучении грамматики современного английского языка. Ими могут быть студенты вузов, учащиеся специализированных средних школ и гимназий, абитуриенты, слушатели курсов продвинутого уровня обучения.

Год: 2005
Автор: Л.В. Хведченя, Р.В. Хорень, И.В. Крюковская
Издательство: «Книжный Дом»
Формат: DOC
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Размер: 2,4 Mb

Практическая грамматика современного английского языка. Хведченя Л.В.

Пример
IMPERATIVE
An imperative sentence requests or demands action; it ends with a period. Some imperative sentences sound like questions. These sentences do not require a response in words; they suggest or require an action by someone.
Will you please call Dale Jennings.
Open don’t open the window.
EXCLAMATORY
An exclamatory sentence shows emotion; it ends with an exclamation point.
How well she dances!

London Favourite Stores

Oxford Street is one of the biggest and most popular shop­ping centres in London. One of the largest department stores in Oxford Street is Selfridge’s.

Big stores started in America and the idea was brought to Eng­land by Gordon Selfridge about one hundred years ago. Selfridge’s is still one of the biggest stores in London as well as Harrods. It has about 235 different departments and it is a very expensive de­partment store, that’s why most Londoners have prefer to go to cheaper shops: Marks & Spenser and Woolworth’s.

Книга представляет собой систематизированный курс грамматики

Mark and Spencer is Britain’s favorite store. Tourists love it too. It attracts a great variety of customers, from housewives to millionaires. Last year it made a profit of 529 million pounds, which is more than 10 million pounds a week. It all started 105 years ago, when a young Polish immigrant Michael Marks, had a stall in Leeds market. He didn’t have many things to sell: some cotton, a little wool, lots of buttons and a few shoelaces. Above his stall he put the now famous no­tice: Don’t ask how much — it’s a penny.

Ten years later he met Tom Spencer. And together they started Penny Stalls in many towns in the north of England. To­day there are 564 branches of M&S all over the world — in USA, Canada, Spain, France, Belgium and Hungary.

Surprisingly, tastes in food and clothes are international. What sells well in Paris sells just as well in Newcastle. Their best-selling clothes are:

For women: jumpers and knickers, dresses and costumes. For men: shirts, socks, pyjamas and suits. For children: under­wear and socks. Best-sellers in food include: fresh chickens, bread, vegetables, sandwiches.

The store bases its business on three principles: good value, good quality and good service. Also, it changes with the times -once it was all jumpers and knickers. Now it is food, furniture and flowers as well. Top fashion designers advice on style of clothes.

Морфология и элементы синтаксиса, включающий в себя теоретический справочник

But perhaps the most important key to its success is its happy, well-trained staff. Conditions of work are excellent. There are company doctors, dentists, hairdressers and even chi­ropodists to look after the staff and all the staff can have lunch for under 40 p.!

Most big stores have a tea-room, a restaurant and a post-office. You will also find here a room were you can rest if you are tired.

Oxford Street, Regent Street and Bond Street are rightly considered the shopping streets in London. Their nice shops and department stores attract people from all over the country and from foreign countries as well.

Task: Retell the text.

Speak on: The department stores you know: a) in London, b) in Moscow, c) in Minsk.

  1. Give Russian equivalents to the following English proverbs. Use them in the situations of your own.
  2. One man, no man.
  3. A friend in need is a friend indeed.
  4. Friends are thieves of time.
  5. Life is not a bed of roses.
  6. No news is good news.
  7. When in Rome, do as the Romans do.
  8. Too much knowledge makes the head bald.
  9. Clothes do not make the man.
  10. Caesar’s wife must be above suspicion.
  11. Time is money.
  12. Business is business.
  13. Business is first, pleasure afterwards.
  14. After death, the doctor.
  15. The way to man’s heart is through his stomach.
  16. Speech is silver, but silence is gold.
  17. Misfortunes never come singly.

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